This section presents historical documents, whenever possible in their original, official form, or an independent translation into English. Please notify us of any broken links or suggestions for additional sources to include.
July 9, 2004 Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, International Court of Justice
September 1995 Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement for the West Bank and Gaza Strip (also known as “Oslo II” or “Taba Agreement”) [background & summary from the Reut Institute]
January 16, 1997: Letter from Secretary of State Warren Christopher to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu: “Israel is entitled to secure and defensible borders, which should be directly negotiated and agreed with its neighbors.”
September 1993 Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (“Oslo I,” the main agreement signed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization)
July 31, 1988 King Hussein’s Address to the Nation [Jordan]: Jordan severs administrative and legal ties with the West Bank.
1988 Hamas Covenant: The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement
Articles 51 and 58 defines the requirements for protection of civilian population. Article 51 also provides the basis for the discussion of “proportionality.”
July 1968 Palestinian National Charter (PLO Covenant)
November 22, 1967 UN Security Council Resolution 242
September 11, 1965 Protocol for the Treatment of Palestinians in Arab States (“Casablanca Protocol”), League of Arab States
April 3, 1949 Israel-Jordan Armistice Agreement
December 11, 1948 UN General Assembly Resolution 194 (“Palestine: Progress Report of the United Nations Mediator”)
Article 11 is the basis for the Palestinian claim of the ‘right of return’ for refugees, as well as the right of the Jews expelled from Arab countries to be compensated for their lost and expropriated property.
July 15, 1948 United Nations Security Council Resolution 54
“…the Provisional Government of Israel has indicated its acceptance in principle of a prolongation of the truce in Palestine [while] the States members of the Arab League have rejected successive appeals of the United Nations Mediator, and of the Security Council in its resolution 53 (1948) of 7 July 1948, for the prolongation of the truce in Palestine…”
May 16, 1948: Cablegram from the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, informing the UN of the Arab States’ military intervention in Palestine “to restore law and order”
The Arab States recognize that the independence and sovereignty of Palestine which was so far subject to the British Mandate has now, with the termination of the Mandate, become established in fact, and maintain that the lawful inhabitants of Palestine are alone competent and entitled to set up an administration in Palestine for the discharge of all governmental functions without any external interference. As soon as that stage is reached the intervention of the Arab States, which is confined to the restoration of peace and establishment of law and order, shall be put an end to, and the sovereign State of Palestine will be competent in co-operation with the other States members of the Arab League, to take every step for the promotion of the welfare and security of its peoples and territory.
May 15, 1948 Israel’s Declaration of Independence
Article 80. Except as may be agreed upon in individual trusteeship agreements, made under Articles 77, 79, and 81, placing each territory under the trusteeship system, and until such agreements have been concluded, nothing in this Chapter shall be construed in or of itself to alter in any manner the rights whatsoever of any states or any peoples or the terms of existing international instruments to which Members of the United Nations may respectively be parties.
September 21, 1922 House Joint Resolution 322 Favoring the establishment in Palestine of a .national home for the Jewish people, July 1922 (see also National Home for the Jewish People, House Resolution 360 (Rept. 1172). Congressional Record, 1922 U.S. House of Representatives 9799-9820)
July 24, 1922 The Palestine Mandate by The Council of the League of Nations
Article 6. The Administration of Palestine, while ensuring that the rights and position of other sections of the population are not prejudiced, shall facilitate Jewish immigration under suitable conditions and shall encourage, in co-operation with the Jewish agency referred to in Article 4, close settlement by Jews on the land, including State lands and waste lands not required for public purposes.
1921 An Interim Report on the Civil Administration of Palestine during the period 1st JULY, 1920—30th JUNE, 1921, by High Commissioner Herbert Samuel
1920 Treaty of Sevres
Article 95 specifies the responsibility of the British Government for to put into effect the Balfour declaration, “in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.”
February 3, 1919: Zionist Organization Statement on Palestine at the Paris Peace Conference (includes Zionist proposal for the borders of Palestine, cited from here)
November 2, 1917 Balfour Declaration
Article 42 defines “occupied territory”
April 20, 1799 Letter to the Jewish Nation (“the rightful heirs of Palestine”) from the French Commander-in-Chief Napoleon Buonaparte